The pecan can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 6—9. View Map. Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. The pecan grows in in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well-drained, wet and clay soils. The nuts are favored by squirrels, deer, raccoons, foxes, wild turkeys, wood ducks, crows, blue jays and several other bird species.
How Long Does it Take a Pecan Tree to Mature? | Garden Guides
As the state tree of Texas, pecan trees are a mainstay of Texas imagery and culture. These stately beauties reach heights between 60 and 80 feet at maturity and have expansive branches. Taking proper care of your pecan tree is vital for it to reach its full potential. Pecan trees need to be planted somewhere with deep, rich soil, good drainage and plenty of room to grow.
Pecan Planting Guide: Tips On Growing And Caring For Pecan Trees
Pecan trees thrive in United States Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 9, where they grow as tall as feet with up to a foot spread. Young pecan trees require frequent pruning to establish a central leader with four to six lateral scaffold branches. Once trees reach nut-bearing maturity, pruning requirements are relatively minimal, usually to reduce crowding so sunlight and air can reach all branches evenly. Prune mature pecan trees during the dormant period in late winter, usually only once every three years or when the branches become crowded. Disinfect the blades of all pruning tools with a solution of rubbing alcohol or 9 parts water and 1 part bleach, or for a solution less corrosive to tools, household disinfectant.
In selecting a pecan variety for your yard, disease resistance is the most important factor. Other factors to consider are tree size, productiveness, attractiveness of the tree and nut, and quality of the nut. Suggested pecan varieties for the home are listed in two groups: 1 those that come into production fairly early, years, such as Desirable, Cape Fear, Elliott, and Pawnee; and 2 those that require years for production, such as Stuart, Gloria Grande, and Forkert.